Prevalence and Distribution of Odontogenic Cysts and Tumors in North Indian Population: A Database Study with Systematic Review
Author(s): Jaya Singh, Shruti Singh, Shaleen Chandra, Fahad M. Samadi
Aim and Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of odontogenic cysts and tumors over a time period of 5 years.
Materials and Methods: Data for this analysis was attained from the reports of patients diagnosed with odontogenic cysts and tumors. Their prevalence and distribution according to age, gender, site and histopathologic types were noted and statistically analyzed.
Results: Among 893 patients visiting the department between years 2014-18, 33 patients presented with odontogenic cysts and 56 patients presented with odontogenic tumors. The prevalent age group was seen ranging from 19 to 40 years for both cysts and tumors. While the cyst was more commonly seen in males, tumors were seen in females. Overall prevalence of cyst was recorded as 3.6% and tumors as 6.2%.
Conclusion: The current study provides the relative distribution of different odontogenic cysts and tumors reported at our institution. Variability in the data with previous studies can be attributed to the diverse demographic factors. Thus, these findings can help us in better understanding of such lesions and ameliorate the diagnosis of odontogenic cysts and tumors.